The hero's main feat is to overcome the monster of darkness: it is the long-hoped-for and expected triumph of consciousness over the unconscious.
The coming of consciousness was probably the most tremendous experience of primeval times, for with it a world came into being whose existence no one had suspected before.
"And God said, 'Let there be light"' is the projection of that immemorial experience of the separation of consciousness from the unconscious.
-From "The Psychology of the Child Archetype
Carl Gustav Jung 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of extroversion and introversion; archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, philosophy, archeology, anthropology, literature, and related fields. He was a prolific writer, many of whose works were not published until after his death.
The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy. Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development.
Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and synchronicity. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a popular psychometric instrument, has been developed from Jung's theory of psychological types.
Jung saw the human psyche as "by nature religious" and made this religiousness the focus of his explorations. Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to dream analysis and symbolization.
Though he was a practicing clinician and considered himself to be a scientist, much of his life's work was spent exploring tangential areas such as Eastern and Western philosophy, alchemy, astrology, and sociology, as well as literature and the arts. Jung's interest in philosophy and the occult led many to view him as a mystic, although his ambition was to be seen as a man of science. His influence on popular psychology, the "Psychologization of religion",spirituality and the New Age movement has been immense.
Memories, Dreams. Reflections by C. G. Jung
The Inner World of Man by Frances Wickes
Inner Work by Robert Johnson
Dreams: A Portal to the Source by Edward Whitmont
Ego and Archetype by Edward Edinger
The Symbolic Quest by Edward Whitmont
International Journal of Jungian Studies
Spring Journal and Books
Journal of Jungian Theory and Practice
Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche
Journal of Analytical Psychology